Human Anatomy The Definitive Visual Guide PDF

Human Anatomy The Definitive Visual Guide PDF

 

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Preface

Anatomy is a very visual subject, and illustrated anatomy
books have been around for centuries. In the same way
that a map must represent the physical features of a
landscape, anatomical illustrations must convey the
detailed layout of the human body. The mapmaker is
concerned with the topography of a landscape, while
the anatomist focuses on the topography of the body. The
maps—whether of landscapes or the body—are collected
into books known as atlases. The first anatomical atlases
appeared in the Renaissance period, but students of
anatomy today still rely heavily on visual media. Plenty
of students still use atlases, alongside electronic resources.
Anatomical depictions have changed through time,




reflecting the development of anatomical knowledge,
changing styles and taste, and the constraints of different
media. One of the earliest and most well-known atlases
is Andreas Vesalius’ De humani corporis fabrica (On the
structure of the human body), published in 1543. The
anatomical illustrations in this book took the form of
a series of posed, dissected figures standing against a
landscape. It was a book intended not just for medical
students, but for a general readership. The heavy use of
images to convey information made sense for this visual
subject, and also helped to make anatomy accessible.
The late seventeenth century saw a striking change
in anatomical depictions. Flayed figures, gracefully
arranged against landscapes, gave way to brutally realistic
illustrations of cadaveric specimens in the dissection
room. The connection between anatomy and death
was impossible to ignore in these pictures. The style
of anatomy illustration has also been influenced by
the methods available to capture and print images. As
lithography replaced woodcut printing, it was possible
to render anatomy in finer detail. Anatomical illustrators
leaped on the potential offered by color printing, using
different colors to pick out arteries, veins, and nerves.
More recently, the advent of photography meant that
anatomy could be captured more objectively. It would
be reasonable to suppose that photography would offer
the best solution to the challenges facing the medical..







 

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Adnan Aftab

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