Anatomy FCPS

High-Yield Anatomy Notes for FCPS Part 1

In this article, we are going to share with you important and high-yield anatomy notes for FCPS Part 1. These notes have been developed by an anonymous student who compiled a list of 300+ high-yield anatomy facts/pearls based on the past papers of FCPS Part 1 exam.

Below are the chapters covered in these high-yield anatomy notes for FCPS Part 1 exam:

  • The Back
  • Upper Limb
  • Lower Limb
  • Thorax
  • Abdomen
  • Pelvis & Perineum
  • Head and Neck
  • Mixed Topics

These high-yield anatomy notes for FCPS Part 1 are short and to-the-point. You can easily review them while you are taking a ride on a bus or sipping some nice tea/coffee in a restaurant. 🙂

For the ease of readability, we have tabulated all these high-yield anatomy notes for FCPS Part 1 so that you can easily read and skim through if necessary.

We hope that you find this post useful in your FCPS Part 1 exam preparation for the subject of anatomy. 🙂




High-Yield Anatomy Notes for FCPS Part 1

Below are the high-yield anatomy notes for FCPS Part 1 exam. The facts and their answers have been presented in a tabulated form for the ease of readability.


1. Exaggerated over-curvature of thoracic area of vertebral columnKyphosis
2. Lateral deviation of vertebral columnScoliosis
3. Major feature of cervical vertebraeTransverse foramina
4. Vertebra located at level of iliac crestL4
5. Ligament that connects internal surface of laminae of vertebraeLigamentum flavum
6. Ligament that checks hyperextension of vertebral columnAnterior longitudinal
7. Ligament affected by whiplash injuryAnterior longitudinal
8. Ligament which limits skull rotationAlar
9. Defective portion of vertebra with spondylolisthesis in cervical area Pedicle
 10. Defective portion of vertebra with spondylolisthesis in lumbar areaPars interarticularis,
 11. Common direction of all superior articular facets of vertebrae Posterior
 12. Structure in contact with posterior surface of dens Transverse ligament of
atlas (part of cruciate)
 13. Most commonly herniated intervertebral disc L4-5
 14. Most common nerve compressed with herniated intervertebral disc L5
 15. Spinal nerve affected by protrusion of the disc between C5/6 C6
 16. Thoracic intercostal space located deep to triangle of auscultation sixth
 17. Vertebral level of lumbar puncture L4
 18. Innervation of suboccipital muscles Suboccipital nerve
 19. Roof of suboccipital triangle Semispinalis capitis
 20. Floor of suboccipital trianglePosterior arch of atlas;
posterior atlanto-occipital
 21. Major vessel within suboccipital triangle Vertebral artery
 22. Synonym for dorsal ramus of C2Greater occipital nerve
 23. Inferior extent of dura-arachnoid sac SV2
 24. Inferior extent of spinal cord LV2
 25. Location of internal vertebral plexus Epidural space
 26. Most frequently fractured bone of body Clavicle
 27. Most frequently dislocated carpal bone Lunate
 28. Most frequently fracture carpal bone Scaphoid
 29. Name of fracture of distal radius that produces “dinner fork” appearance Colleʼs fracture
 30. Nerve injured with fracture of surgical neck of humerus Axillary
 31. Nerve injured with fracture of medial humeral epicondyle Ulnar
 32. Nerve injured with fracture of shaft of humerus Radial
 33. Nerve injured in wrist drop Radial
 34. Muscle that is chief flexor and chief extensor at shoulder joint Deltoid
 35. Muscles innervated by axillary nerveDeltoid and teres minor
 36. Muscle that initiates abduction of arm Supraspinatus
 37. Most commonly torn tendon of rotator cuff Supraspinatus
 38. Two muscles that rotate scapula for full abduction of armTrapezius and serratus
 39. Tendon that courses through shoulder joint Long head of biceps
 40. Chief supinator muscle of hand Biceps brachii
 41. Injury to what nerve causes winged scapula Long thoracic nerve
 42. Spinal levels of axillary nerve C5 and C6
 43. Spinal levels to muscles of the hand C8 and T1
 44. Dermatome of thumb C6
 45. Nerve to thenar compartment Recurrent branch of Median
 46. Innervation of adductor pollicis Ulnar (deep branch)
 47. Innervation to all interosseous muscles  Ulnar (deep branch)
 48. Region affected by upper trunk injury of brachial plexus Shoulder
 49. Region affected by lower trunk injury of brachial plexus Intrinsic hand muscles
 50. Nerve compressed with carpal tunnel syndrome Median
 51. Nerve affected by cubital tunnel syndrome Ulnar
 52. Paralysis of which muscles results in total “claw” hand Lumbricals
 53. Boundaries of femoral triangle Inguinal ligament, sartorius
and adductor longus
 54. Structure immediately lateral to femoral sheath Femoral nerve
 55. Structure immediately medial to femoral artery in femoral sheath Femoral vein
 56. Contents of femoral canal Deep inguinal lymph
 57. Medial boundary of femoral ring Lacunar ligament
 58. Structures that course throughout entire length of adductor canal Femoral artery and vein
 59. Structures that course through only portion of adductor canal Saphenous nerve, nerve
to vastus medialis,
descending genicular
 60. Muscle that forms floor of popliteal fossa Popliteus
 61. Muscle that is chief flexor at hip joint Iliopsoas
 62. Muscle that prevents pelvis from tilting when walking Gluteus medius
 63. Muscle that extends leg Quadriceps femoris
 64. Muscle that unlocks knee joint Popliteus
 65. Muscle affected with “foot slap” Tibialis anterior
 66. Chief invertors of foot Tibialis anterior and
 67. Chief evertors of foot Fibularis longus and brevis
 68. Ligament that checks backward displacement of femur on tibia Anterior cruciate
 69. Ligament laxity with positive valgus maneuver Medial collateral
 70. Most commonly injured ankle ligament Anterior talofibular
 71. Ligament stretched with “flat foot” Plantar calcaneonavicular
 72. Joints for movements of inversion and eversion Subtalar and transverse
 73. Major artery to head of femur in adult Medial femoral circumflex
 74. Nerve affected with fracture of head and neck of fibula Common fibular
 75. Tendon affected with avulsion fracture of 5th metatarsal Fibularis brevis
 76. Innervation of adductor magnus Obturator, tibial portion of
 77. Nerve affected with tarsal tunnel syndrome Tibial
 78. Cutaneous innervation to medial side of foot Saphenous (L4)
 79. Cutaneous innervation to lateral side of foot Sural (S1)
 80. Cutaneous innervation of heel Tibial
 81. Cutaneous innervation to dorsal aspect of web between toes 1 and 2 Deep fibular
 82. Cutaneous innervation of most of dorsum of foot Superficial fibular
 83. Major dermatome to big toe L4
 84. Dermatome to small toe S1
 85. Spinal level of patellar reflex L4
 86. Spinal level of Achilles reflex S1
 87. Locking of knee when walking suggests Meniscus injury
 88. Major injury triad with lateral impact to kneeMedial collateral, medial meniscus and anterior
cruciate ligament
 89. Dermatome around nipple T4
 90. Vertebral level at inferior angle of scapula TV7
 91. Structure that lies immediately posterior to manubrium Thymus
 92. Rib related to oblique fissure of lung posteriorly 2nd
 93. Rib paralleled by horizontal fissure of right lung 4th
 94. Inferior extent of lung at midclavicular line 6th rib
 95. Inferior extent of pleura at midclavicular line 8th rib
 96. Inferior extent of lung at midaxillary line 8th rib
 97. Inferior extent of pleura at midaxillary line 10th rib
 98. Inferior extent of lung posteriorly 10th rib
 99. Inferior extent of pleura posteriorly 12th rib
 100. Innervation of costal pleura Intercostal nerve
 101. Innervation of mediastinal pleura Phrenic nerve
 102. Site for auscultation of pulmonary valve Left 2nd interspace
 103. Site for auscultation of aortic valve Right 2nd interspace
 104. Site for auscultation of tricuspid valve Xiphisternal joint
 105. Site for auscultation of mitral valveLeft 5th interspace,
midclavicular line
 106. Heart chamber with greatest sternocostal projection Right ventricle
 107. Chamber that forms apex of heart Left ventricle
 108. major chamber that forms base of heart Left atrium
 109. Heart chamber that contains moderator band Right ventricle
 110. Artery that determines coronary dominance Posterior interventricular
 111. Usual origin of SA and AV nodal arteries Right coronary artery
 112. Location of SA node Cristae terminalis
 113. Major vessel that drains the musculature of the heart Coronary sinus
 114. Innervation of fibrous pericardium Phrenic nerve
 115. Most common cause of systolic ejection murmur Aortic stenosis
 116. Rib associated with sternal angle Second rib
 117. Vertebral level associated with sternal angle Disc between TV4-5
 118. Location of ductus arteriosus Between left pulmonary
artery and aorta
 119. Nerve potentially injured with repair of patent ductus arteriosusLeft recurrent laryngeal
 120. Veins that unite to form brachiocephalicSubclavian and internal
 121. Veins that unite to form superior vena cava Right and left
 122. Termination of azygos vein Superior vena cava
 123. Structures that lie to right and left of thoracic duct Azygos veins, aorta
 124. Spinal levels of greater splanchnic nerve T5-9
 125. Spinal levels of lesser splanchnic nerve T10-11
 126. Spinal levels of least splanchnic nerve T12
 127. Thoracic structures that can compress the esophagusLeft bronchus, aorta and
 128. Disease often associated with thymoma Myasthenia gravis
 129. Remnant of umbilical vein Round ligament of liver
 130. Dermatome to umbilical area T10
 131. Dermatome to suprapubic area L1
 132. Vertebral level associated with origin of celiac artery T12
 133. Vertebral level associated with origin of SMA L1
 134. Vertebral level associated with origin renal arteries L2
 135. Vertebral level associated with origin of gonadal arteries L2
 136. Vertebral level associated with origin of IMA L3
 137. Vertebral level of umbilicus Disc L3-4
 138. Vertebral level of aortic bifurcation L5
 139. Vertebral level for formation of IVC L5
 140. Spinal levels to muscles of anterior abdominal wall T7 – L1
 141. Structure that forms superficial inguinal ring Aponeurosis of external
 142. Structure that forms deep inguinal ring Trasnversalis fasica
 143. Structure that form floor of inguinal canal Inguinal ligament
 144. Bony attachments of inguinal ligament ASIS and pubic tubercle
 145. Structures that form conjoint tendon Internal oblique and
transversus abdominis
 146. Abdominal layer continuous with external spermatic fascia External oblique
 147. Abdominal continuous with cremasteric fascia Internal oblique
 148. Abdominal layer continuous with internal spermatic fascia Transversalis fascia
 149. Structure that lies between protrusion sites of direct and indirect hernias Inferior epigastric artery
 150. Type of hernia that enters deep inguinal ring Indirect inguinal
 151. Most common type of hernia Indirect inguinal
 152. Most common side for indirect inguinal hernia Right
 153. Type of hernia that protrudes through Hesselbachʼs triangle Direct inguinal
 154. Boundaries of Hesselbachʼs triangle nguinal ligament, rectus
abdominis, inferior
epigastric artery and vein
 155. Type of hernia that traverses both deep and superficial rings Indirect inguinal
 156. Fluid in processus vaginalis Hydrocele
 157. Communication between greater and lesser sacs Epiploic foramen
 158. Superior border of epiploic foramen Caudate lobe of liver
 159. Inferior border of epiploic foramen Part one of duodenum
 160. Posterior border of epiploic foramen IVC
 161. Ligament that contains portal vein, hepatic artery and bile duct Hepatoduodenal (lesser
 162. Structure that limits spread of ascitic fluid in left paracolic gutter Phrenicocolic ligament
 163. Structuer that limits spread of ascitic fluid within infracolic compartment Root of mesentary
 164. Superior extent of right paracolic gutter Hepatorenal recess
 165. Most inferior portion of peritoneal cavity Rectouterine pouch
 166. Structures supplied by celiac artery Stomach, duodenum, liver,
spleen, gallbladder,
 167. Branches of celiac artery Left gastric, common
hepatic and splenic
 168. Blood supply to stomach Right and left
gastroepiploics, right, left
and short gastric
 169. Major structures of bed of stomach Pancreas, spleen, left
kidney and suprarenal
gland, diaphragm
 170. Ducts that join to form common bile duct Cystic and common
 171. Structure that separates right and left lobes of liver Falciform ligament
 172. Origin of cystic artery Right hepatic artery
 173. Ribs directly related to spleen Ribs 9-11
 174. Organs related to spleen Stomach, colon, left
kidney, tail of pancreas
 175. Artery to small intestine SMA
 176. Organs supplied by both celiac and SMA Duodenum, pancreas
 177. Organs supplied by both SMA and IMA Transverse colon
 178. Vessel located posterior to head of pancreas IVC
 179. Vessel located posterior to neck of pancreas Portal vein
 180. Veins that unite to form portal vein Splenic and SMV
 181. Clinically importatnt organs for portacaval anastomoses Esophagus, rectum, liver
 182. Two structures that lies posterior to SMA near its origin Left renal vein, duodenum
 183. Three distinguishing features of the large intestine Tenia coli, haustra,
epiploic appendages
 184. Termination of left gonadal vein Left renal vein
 185. Termination of right gonadal vein Inferior vena cava
 186. Location of initial pain of appendicitis Umbilical region
 187. Motor innervation of diaphragm Phrenic
 188. Sensory innervation of diaphragm Phrenic + intercostal
 189. Spinal levels of phrenic nerve C3-5
 190. Vertebral level that inferior vena cava traverses diaphragm T8
 191. Vertebral level that esophagus traverses diaphragm T10
 192. Structures that traverse diaphragm with esophagus Vagal trunks
 193. Vertebral level that aorta traverses diaphragm T12
 194. Structure that traverses diaphragm with aorta Thoracic duct
 195. Structure that traverses diaphragm through crura Greater, lesser and least
splanchnic nerves
 196. Structure that separates pelvis and perineum Pelvic diaphragm
 197. Two major components of pelvic diaphragm Levator ani + coccygeus
 198. Two major components of levator ani Pubococcygeus and
 199. Two muscles which close lateral pelvic wall Obturator internus and
 200. Means by which obturator internus exits pelvis Lesser sciatic foramen
 201. Means by which piriformis exits pelvis Greater sciatic foramen
 202. Innervation of detrusor Pelvic splanchnics (S2-4)
 203. Remnants of umbilical arteries Medial umbilical ligaments
 204. Chief artery to rectal mucosa Superior rectal
 205. Most common type of pelvic inlet in females Gynecoid
 206. Two remnants of gubernaculum in females Ovarian and round
 207. Ligament that contains ovarian vessels Suspensory ligament of
 208. Lymph nodes for ovary and testes Lumbar
 209. Normal position of uterus Anterverted, anteflexed
 210. Chief uterine support Pubococcygeus
 211. Ligament that contains uterine vessels Lateral cervical
 212. Structure potentially injured with hysterectomy Ureter
 213. Relation of ureter to uterine artery Inferior and posterior
 214. Structure that separates deep and superficial perineal spaces Perineal membrane
 215. Bony landmarks between anal and UG triangles Ischial tuberosities
 216. Lateral wall of ischioanal fossa Fascia of obturator
 217. Structure that forms the pudendal canal Fascia of obturator
 218. Structure that separates internal and external hemorrhoids Pectinate line
 219. Lymph nodes for area superior to pectinate line of anal cana Internal iliac, IM
 220. Lymph nodes for area inferior to pectinate line of anal canal Superficial inguinal
 221. Major structure of deep perineal space Sphincter urethrae
 222. Lymph nodes for glans penis Deep inguinal
 223. Muscle which compresses the bulb of penis Bulbospongiosus
 224. Muscle which compresses the crus of penis Ischiocavernosus
 225. Muscles which meet at the perineal body Superficial and deep
perineal, bulbospongiosus,
external anal sphincter,
 226. Vertebral level of hyoid bone CV3
 227. Vertebral level of thyroid cartilage CV4,5
 228. Vertebral level of cricoid cartilageCV6
 229. Muscles that are innervated by CN XI Trapezius, SCM
 230. Structures that course between anterior and middle scalene Brachial plexus,
subclavian artery
 231. Innervation of omohyoid, sternohyoid and sternothyroid Ansa cervicalis
 232. Innervation of digastric Anterior belly = CN V
Posterior belly = CN VII
 233. Innervation of carotid sinus and carotid body CN IX, CN X
 234. Major structures to pass through pharyngeal wall superior to superior constrictor Auditory tube, levator veli
 235. Nerves of pharyngeal plexus CN IX, CN X,
 236. Only muscle innervated by CN IX Stylopharyngeus
 237. Structures that pierce thyrohyoid membrane Internal laryngeal nerve,
superior laryngeal artery
 238. Only muscle to abduct vocal cords Posterior cricoarytenoid
 239. Innervation of cricothyroid External laryngeal nerve
 240. Innervation of laryngeal muscles exclusive of cricothyroid Recurrent laryngeal
 241. Muscle that increases tension on vocal cords Cricothyroid
 242. Sensory nerve to larynx superior to vocal cords Internal laryngeal
 243. Sensory nerve to larynx inferior to vocal cords Recurrent laryngeal
 244. Site of aspirated lodged fishbone Piriform recess
 245. Afferent – efferent limbs of gag reflex CN IX – CN X
 246. Afferent – efferent limbs of cough reflex CN X – CN X
 247. Nerve injury that causes hoarseness following thyroid surgery Recurrent laryngeal
 248. Chief structures that traverse internal acoustic meatus CN VII and VIII
 249. Foramen where CN VII exits skull Stylomastoid foramen
 250. Major arterial supply to calvaria and supratentorial dura Middle meningeal
 251. Major cutaneous nerve of face CN V
 252. Major artery to internal structures of head Maxillary
 253. Spinal levels of sympathetic fibers to head T1 – 2
 254. Autonomic ganglia for CN III Ciliary
 255. Sensory ganglia for CN VII Geniculate
 256. Autonomic ganglia for CN VII PPG and submandibular
 257. Autonomic ganglia for CN IX Otic
 258. Muscle attached to disc of TMJ Lateral pterygoid
 259. Muscle that retracts mandible Temporalis
 260. Major nerve to TMJ (pain) Auriculotemporal
 261. Specific nerves that elicit secretion from the parotid gland Tympanic branch of CN IX and lesser petrosal
 262. Branch of CN V that carries parasympathetics to parotid Auriculotemporal
 263. Structure that opens into superior meatus of nasal cavity Posterior ethmoid sinus
 264. Structures that open into middle meatus of nasal cavity Frontal, maxillary, anterior
and middle ethmoid
 265. Structures that opens into inferior meatus of nasal cavity Nasolacrimal duct
 266. Major artery to nasal cavity Sphenopalatine
 267. Most common site of nose bleed Kiesselbachʼs plexus
 268. Innervation of levator veli palatini CN X
 269. Muscle that opens auditory tube Tensor veli palatini
 270. Innervation of tensor veli palatini CN V3
 271. Nerve that provides taste to anterior 2/3 of tongue Chorda tympani
 272. Site of cell bodies for nerve that carries taste to anterior 2/3 of tongue Geniculate ganglion
 273. Specific nerve that elicits secretion from submandibular gland Chorda tympani
 274. Branch of CN V that carries parasympathetic to submandibular Lingual
 275. Nerve injured when tonsilar pillars sag and uvula deviates CN X
 276. Nerve potentially injured with tonsillectomy CN IX
 277. Muscle that protrudes tongue Genioglossus
 278. Nerve injured when deviation of protruded tongue Ipsilateral CN XII
 279. Specific nerve that stimulates tear production Greater petrosal CN VII
 280. Sensory nerve to cornea CN V1 (nasociliary)
 281. Muscle that elevates and abducts eye Inferior oblique
 282. Muscle that depresses and abducts eye Superior oblique
 283. Site of preganglionic nerve cells that elicits dilation of pupil Lateral horn, T1 – 2
 284. Site of postganglionic nerve cells that elicits dilation of pupil Superior cervical ganglion
 285. Site of preganglionic nerve cells that elicits constriction of pupil Edinger-Westphal
 286. Site of postganglionic nerve cells that elicits constriction of pupil Ciliary ganglion
 287. Innervation of external surface of tympanic membrane Auriculotemporal, CN X
 288. Innervation of internal surface of tympanic membrane CN IX
 289. Level where ascending aorta is continuous with arch of aorta TV4-5
 290. Level where arch of aorta is continuous with descending aorta TV4-5
 291. Effect of sympathetic nerves on lungs Bronchodilation,
 292. Effect of parasympathetic nerves on lungs Bronchoconstriction,
 293. Rationale for aspirated small objects to go to right primary bronchus Wider diameter, shorter
and more vertical
 294. Needle location for therapeutic pleural tapping Superior to 12th rib,
 295. Name given to portion of right ventricle prior to beginning of pulmonary trunk conus arteriosum or
 296. Name given to orientation where uterus and vagina intersect at angle of 90 degrees Anteversion
 297. Name given to orientation where uterine body and cervix intersect at angle of 10-15 degrees Anteflexion
 298. Ridge located between sinus venarum and right ventricle Cristae terminalis
 299. Nerve at risk when performing thyroidectomy Both left and right
recurrent laryngeal nerves
 300. Specific muscle that holds patella in place Vastus medialis
 301. First portion of quadriceps femoris to atrophy with injury to femoral nerve Vastus medialis
 302. Last portion of quadriceps femoris to recover following injury Vastus medialis
 303. Innervation to nail bed of middle finger Median nerve
 304. Innervation to nail bed of ring finger Ulnar and median
 305. Spinal nerve affected with herniated disc at L3/L4 L4



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