Companion For 2nd MBBS 12th Edition PDF
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Companion For 2nd MBBS 12th Edition PDF

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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION OF PATHOLOGY None CHAPTER 2 CELL INJURY, CELLULAR ADAPTATION AND CELLULAR AGING Long Essays 1. Describe the role of cyclins and RB in 25, 292 D12 the cell cycle. 2. Describe biochemical and molecular 11, 26 44,42 J11 mechanisms of cell injury. Discuss morphological features of necrosis. 3. Compare and contrast the biochemical 12 50 J14 and structural changes in reversible and irreversible cell injury caused by hypoxia. 4. Define necrosis. Mention the types, 26 41 D14(RS3), D02, explain the causes and pathology of D07, D11 , J15 each type of necrosis. 5. Define necrosis. Enlist different types of 26, 32 41 , 43 D15 necrosis with relevant examples. Add a note on gangrene. 6. What is apoptosis? Mention the causes 29 52 J16 and discuss mechanisms of apoptosis. Short Essays 1. Differences between atrophy/ JOO hypertrophy/hyperplasia. 2. Free radical injury. 14 49 J07, JOB, D15 3. Role of free radicals in cell injury. 14 49 JOO, J03, D13 4. Hyaline change (degeneration). 17 63 J16(RS3), J04 5. Steatosis (fatty change). 19 62 J09, J16 6. Causes for fatty liver. 19 62 J14(RS3) 7. Gross and microscopy of fatty liver. 20 62 DOO 8. Morphological features of fatty change in 20 62 D05 liver and heart. 9. Heart in fatty change. 62 A07 10. Pigment metabolism. 22 64 D09(RS2) 11 . Exogenous and endogenous pigments. 22 64 J11 (RS2), D13{RS3) 12. Hemosiderosis. 23 65 D11(RS2) 13. Brown atrophy of heart. 25 64 J07(RS2) 14. Necrosis—-definition, types with 26 41 J08(RS2), examples. J11 (RS2), D11(RS2), J12(RS2), 013(RS3), 000, D01 , J06, 008, J13, D16 15. Coagulative necrosis. 26 43 009 16. Colliquative necrosis. 27 43 D99 17. Caseous necrosis. 27 43 A07(RS2) 18. Fat necrosis. 27 43 J12(RS2) 19. Apoptosis. 29 52 J09(RS2), J15(RS3) 20. Mechanisms (pathogenesis) of 30 53 007, 009, 011 apoptosis. 21 . Define gangrene and mention the 32 43 A07 differences between dry and wet gangrene. 22. Gangrene and its types. 32 43 D12(RS3), J13(RS3) 23. Dry gangrene. 32 D03 24. Differences between dry and wet 35 J14(RS3), JOO gangrenes. 25. Pathological calcification. 33 65 A07(RS2), D08(RS2), D12(RS3), J14(RS3) 26. Dystrophic calcification. 34 65 D07{RS2), J13(RS3), D99, D01 , J05, D08, J12 27. Metastatic calcification. 36 65 D15(RS3), JOO, D11

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