BRS Behavioral Sciences 5th Edition pdf

BRS Behavioral Sciences 5th Edition pdf

 

BRS Behavioral Sciences 5th Edition pdf
BRS Behavioral Sciences 5th Edition pdf free download
BRS Behavioral Sciences 5th Edition ebook

Table of Contents:

1. THE BEGINNING OF LIFE: PREGNANCY
THROUGH PRESCHOOL 1
I. Childbirth and the Postpartum Period 1
II. Infancy: Birth to 15 Months 4
III. The Toddler Years: 15 Months–21/2 Years 6
IV. The Preschool Child: 3–6 Years 7
Review Test 8

2. SCHOOL AGE, ADOLESCENCE, SPECIAL ISSUES
OF DEVELOPMENT, AND ADULTHOOD 13
I. Latency or School Age: 7–11 Years 13
II. Adolescence: 11–20 Years 14
III. Special Issues in Child Development 15
IV. Early Adulthood: 20–40 Years 16
V. Middle Adulthood: 40–65 Years 16
Review Test 18




3. AGING, DEATH, AND BEREAVEMENT 23
I. Aging 23
II. Stages of Dying and Death 25
III. Bereavement (Normal Grief ) Versus Depression (Abnormal
Grief or Complicated Bereavement) 25
Review Test 27

4. GENETICS, ANATOMY, AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF BEHAVIOR 31
I. Behavioral Genetics 31
II. Behavioral Neuroanatomy 32
III. Neurotransmission 34
IV. Biogenic Amines 35
V. Amino Acid Neurotransmitters 37
VI. Neuropeptides 37
Review Test 39




5. BIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF PATIENTS
WITH PSYCHIATRIC SYMPTOMS 44
I. Overview 44
II. Measurement of Biogenic Amines and Psychotropic Drugs 44
III. Dexamethasone Suppression Test (DST) 45
IV. Tests of Endocrine Function 45
V. Neuroimaging and Electroencephalogram Studies 45
VI. Neuropsychological Tests 46
VII. Other Tests 47
Review Test 48

6. PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY AND DEFENSE
MECHANISMS 52
I. Overview 52
II. Freud’s Theories of the Mind 52
III. Defense Mechanisms 53
IV. Transference Reactions 53
Review Test 56

7. LEARNING THEORY 60
I. Overview 60
II. Habituation and Sensitization 60
III. Classical Conditioning 61
IV. Operant Conditioning 61
Review Test 64




8. CLINICAL ASSESSMENT OF PATIENTS
WITH BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS 69
I. Overview of Psychological Testing 69
II. Intelligence Tests 69
III. Achievement Tests 70
IV. Personality Tests 71
V. Psychiatric Evaluation of the Patient with Emotional Symptoms 71
Review Test 74

9. SUBSTANCE ABUSE 77
I. Substance Abuse, Definitions, Epidemiology, and Demographics 77
II. Stimulants 78
III. Sedatives 79
IV. Opioids 81
V. Hallucinogens and Related Agents 82
VI. Clinical Features of Substance Abuse 83
VII. Treatment 85
Review Test 86

10. NORMAL SLEEP AND SLEEP DISORDERS 91
I. Normal Awake and Sleep States 91
II. Classification of Sleep Disorders 93
III. Insomnia 93
IV. Breathing-Related Sleep Disorder (Sleep Apnea) 95
V. Narcolepsy 95
VI. Treatment of Sleep Disorders 95
Review Test 97

11. SCHIZOPHRENIA AND OTHER PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS 103
I. Schizophrenia 103
II. Other Psychotic Disorders 106
Review Test 108

12. MOOD DISORDERS 113
I. Overview 113
II. Classification of Mood Disorders 114
III. Etiology 117
IV. Treatment 118
Review Test 119




13. ANXIETY, SOMATOFORM AND FACTITIOUS
DISORDERS, AND MALINGERING 124
I. Anxiety Disorders 124
II. Somatoform Disorders 126
III. Factitious Disorder (Formerly Munchausen Syndrome), Factitious
Disorder by Proxy, and Malingering 127
Review Test 129

14. COGNITIVE, PERSONALITY, DISSOCIATIVE,
AND EATING DISORDERS 136
I. Cognitive Disorders 136
II. Personality Disorders 139
III. Dissociative Disorders 139
IV. Obesity and Eating Disorders 141
Review Test 143

15. PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS IN CHILDREN 150
I. Pervasive Developmental Disorders of Childhood 150
II. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Disruptive Behavior
Disorders of Childhood 151
III. Other Disorders of Childhood 152
Review Test 154

16. BIOLOGIC THERAPIES: PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY 158
I. Overview 158
II. Antipsychotic Agents 158
III. Antidepressant Agents 160
IV. Mood Stabilizers 162
V. Antianxiety Agents 163
VI. Electroconvulsive Therapy 164
Review Test 166

17. PSYCHOLOGICAL THERAPIES 172
I. Psychoanalysis and Related Therapies 172
II. Behavioral Therapies 173
III. Other Therapies 174
Review Test 176

18. THE FAMILY, CULTURE, AND ILLNESS 180
I. Overview of the Family 180
II. Demographics and Current Trends 180
III. Culture in the United States 181
IV. Subcultures 182
Review Test 185

19. SEXUALITY 189
I. Sexual Development 189
II. The Biology of Sexuality in Adults 190
III. Sexual Dysfunction 191
IV. Paraphilias 193
V. Illness, Injury, and Sexuality 194
VI. Aging and Sexuality 194
VII. Drugs and Sexuality 195
VIII. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Sexuality 195
Review Test 197

20. AGGRESSION AND ABUSE 203
I. Aggression 203
II. Abuse and Neglect of Children and the Elderly 204
III. Physical and Sexual Abuse of Domestic Partners 206
IV. The Role of the Physician in Suspected Child, Elder, and Domestic
Partner Abuse 206
V. Sexual Aggression: Rape and Related Crimes 207
Review Test 209




21. THE PHYSICIAN-PATIENT RELATIONSHIP 213
I. Medical Practice 213
II. Compliance (Adherence) 214
III. The Clinical Interview 215
Review Test 218

22. PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE 225
I. Stress and Health 225
II. Psychological Stress in Specific Patients 226
III. Patients with Chronic Pain 227
IV. Patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 228
Review Test 229

23. LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES IN MEDICINE 233
I. Legal Competence 233
II. Informed Consent 234
III. Confidentiality 235
IV. Reportable Illnesses 235
V. Ethical Issues Involving HIV Infection 236
VI. Involuntary and Voluntary Psychiatric Hospitalization 236
VII. Advance Directives 237
VIII. Death and Euthanasia 237
IX. Medical Malpractice 238
X. Impaired Physicians 239
XI. Answering USMLE Legal and Ethical Issues Questions 239
Review Test 240

24. HEALTH CARE IN THE UNITED STATES 249
I. Health Care Delivery Systems 249
II. Costs of Health Care 250
III. Payment for Health Care: Health Insurance 251
IV. Demographics of Health 252
Review Test 255

25. EPIDEMIOLOGY 259
I. Epidemiology: Incidence and Prevalence 259
II. Research Study Design 260
III. Quantifying Risk 260
IV. Bias, Reliability, and Validity 262
V. Clinical Probability and Attack Rate 264
Review Test 266

26. STATISTICAL ANALYSES 273
I. Elements of Statistical Analyses 273
II. Hypothesis Testing 276
III. Specific Statistical Tests 276
Review Test 278

Comprehensive Examination 282
Index 309







 

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About the author

Adnan Aftab

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